Hunting with Off-Road Vehicles
Along with the great opportunities come some new responsibilities
Over the past couple of decades, off-road vehicles have embedded themselves deep into the hunting culture. They’ve become such an important tool that many hunters now wonder how they ever got along without them. However, the use of off-road vehicles by hunters has also sparked up controversy, and it usually is the result of some riders not following common-sense courtesy rules or fair-chase procedures.
It is of course easily possible to keep other hunters, trail users, and land owners all content with your choice to utilize off-road vehicles in your next big hunt and at the same time maintaining a good image in the eyes of the general public who may raise a few eyebrows when the words “hunting” and “off-road vehicles” are used in the same sentence.
To enjoy a better hunt for everyone, follow these simple rules:
- Respect other hunters; don’t drive across their line of sight.
- Keep your noise to a minimum. Keep your off-road vehicle properly tuned and muffled to reduce exhaust sounds and emissions. The sound of an off-road vehicle may chase game animals away from other hunters. This creates hard feelings among hunters who used stealth and stalking skills to get into a prime spot only to have their efforts spoiled by the sound of an off-road vehicle .
- Operation of an off-road vehicle in areas where motorized vehicles are not allowed is illegal and irritates other hunters who have specifically selected their hunting area to avoid motorized vehicles.
- To increase your chances of success and cause less disturbance to hunters around you, access your hunting area before shooting hours and then hunt on foot.
- Retrieve harvested big game during the middle of the day (10 a.m. to 2 p.m.) to reduce conflicts with other hunters. Travel off trail only if travel regulations permit.
- Limit off-road vehicle use in and around campgrounds. Be respectful of other campers’ desires for quiet and minimal disruption.
- Slow down or stop your off-road vehicle when you approach others on the trail. When meeting equestrians, approach slowly, pull over and stop, turn off your engine, remove your helmet and ask how best to proceed. Keep scouting to a minimum. If necessary, scout for hunting access on legal trails but don’t penetrate hiding cover. It’s okay to use an off-road vehicle for access but “walk when you stalk”.
- When overtaking others, pass in a safe and courteous manner.
- Increasing numbers of hunters are actually hunting from their off-road vehicles rather than on foot. This behavior raises concerns of “fair chase” and can reflect poorly on hunting and hunters. While hunting from an off-road vehicle is legal and appropriate in some states for certain people with disabilities, able-bodied hunters should “walk when they stalk” to uphold the “fair chase” ethic.
- Be legal and safe. Don’t shoot from an off-road vehicle. Instead, use off-road vehicles to access hunting areas or, where permitted, pack out your kill.
- Never chase wildlife with your off-road vehicle. It’s illegal and irresponsible.
- Know the vehicle-use regulations for the area you are hunting. Educate yourself by obtaining agency travel maps to identify and learn legal routes. Contact the local BLM Field Office, Forest Service Ranger District or State Land Management organization for travel management information before you go. Respect road and area closures.
- Stay on existing roads or trails. Cross-country travel on off-road vehicles can create a network of new tracks or trails that cause soil erosion and damage to fish and wildlife habitats. Cross-country travel can also spread invasive species, which can ruin habitat. Do not contribute to resource damage and habitat destruction by creating new tracks for others to follow. When you drive off a road, you leave a track that others will follow and you may be creating resource damage.
- User-created trails are often poorly located within riparian zones or on steep slopes creating vegetation and soil impacts. Don’t make the problem worse by continuing to use these routes.
- Wheel tracks in wet meadows are like footprints in cement – they often don’t heal. Avoid the use of off-road vehicles in wet areas or during wet conditions. Even though the lighter weight and low-pressure tires reduce impacts, off-road vehicles can still do serious damage to wet areas.
- Be prepared to backpack or horse pack game out of areas that do not have existing roads or trails or allow travel off existing roads and trails for game retrieval.
- Don’t widen single-track trails by forcing your off-road vehicle down the trail.
- Cross streams only at designated trail crossings. Erosion from stream banks and creek crossings can harm survival of native fish.
The National Off-Highway Vehicle Conservation Council (www.nohvcc.org) and Discover Today’s off-road vehicle (www.atvinfo.org) have taken the lead in the education of hunters who use off-road vehicles and have several new programs that are currently in the works.